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Authors: Mirabella, F.* 
Barchi, M. R.* 
Lupattelli, A.* 
Stucchi, E.* 
Ciaccio, M. G.* 
Title: Insights on the seismogenic layer thickness from the upper crust structure of the Umbria-Marche Apennines (Central Italy)
Issue Date: 2008
Series/Report no.: /27(2008)
DOI: 10.1029/2007TC002134
Keywords: seismogenic layers, northern apennines
B/D transition
umbria-marche apennines
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.04. Geology::04.04.06. Rheology, friction, and structure of fault zones 
Abstract: [1] We reconstruct the subsurface geology in a region of the northern Apennines (central Italy) where a protracted extensional sequence occurred in 1997–1998 with maximum magnitude M = 6.0. Our study is mainly based on the interpretation of three reprocessed seismic reflection profiles crossing the epicentral area, which constrain the subsurface geometry to a depth of about 12 km where most of the shallow seismicity occurs. Comparing the subsurface setting with accurately determined earthquake locations, we find that the seismicity is located entirely within the sedimentary cover and does not penetrate the underlying basement. This is explained by considering that the sedimentary cover is rather thick and composed of relatively strong lithologies (platform carbonates and evaporites), while the upper part of the basement consists of weak phyllites and siliciclastic rocks. This weak horizon is also evidenced by the low-Vp values measured in deep wells of the region. Its effect is to decouple the sedimentary cover from the crystalline basement, where only microseismicity occurs. Our study indicates that local structure and stratigraphy can significantly influence the distribution of seismicity within the upper crust, particularly in complex geological environments such as thrust-and-fold belts.
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