Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/10980
Authors: Nielsen, S.* 
Spagnuolo, Elena* 
Smith, S. A. F.* 
Violay, M.* 
Di Toro, Giulio* 
Bistacchi, A.* 
Title: Scaling in natural and laboratory earthquakes
Issue Date: 2016
Series/Report no.: /43 (2016)
DOI: 10.1002/2015GL067490
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/10980
Abstract: Laboratory experiments reproducing seismic slip conditions show extreme frictional weakening due to the activation of lubrication processes. Due to a substantial variability in the details of the weakening transient, generalization of experimental results and comparison to seismic observations have not been possible so far. Here we show that during the weakening, shear stress τ is generally well matched by a power law of slip u in the form τu-α (with 0.35 < α < 0.6). The resulting fracture energy Gf can be approximated by a power law in some aspects in agreement with the seismological estimates G′. It appears that Gf and G′ are comparable in the range 0.01 < u < 0.3 m. However, G′ surpasses Gf at larger slips: at u≈10 m, G′≈108 and Gf≈106. Possible interpretations of this misfit involve the complexity of damage and weakening mechanisms within mature fault zone structures. ©2016. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
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