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Authors: Tibaldi, A.* 
Rovida, A.* 
Corazzato, C.* 
Title: Late Quaternary kinematics, slip-rate and segmentation of a major Cordillera-parallel transcurrent fault: The Cayambe-Afiladores-Sibundoy system, NW South America
Issue Date: 2007
Series/Report no.: /29 (2007)
DOI: 10.1016/j.jsg.2006.11.008
Keywords: Active fault
Slip-rate calculation
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.04. Geology::04.04.09. Structural geology 
Abstract: We describe the recent activity of the Cayambe-Afiladores-Sibundoy Fault (CASF) and recognise it as one of the major potential active structures of northwestern South America, based on field observations, stereoscopic aerial photos of offset late Pleistocene-Holocene deposits and landforms, and crustal seismic activity. The CASF runs for at least 270 km along the sub-Andean zone of northern Ecuador and southern Colombia. We measured systematic latest Pleistocene-Holocene right-lateral strike-slip motion and right-lateral reverse motion consistent with earthquake focal mechanism solutions, and estimated a 7.7 +/- 0.4 to 11.9 +/- 0.7 mm/yr slip-rate. Magnitudes of the earthquakes that could be generated by possible fault-segment reactivation range up to M 7.0 +/- 0.1. The CASF should be considered as a major source of possible future large magnitude earthquakes, presenting a seismic hazard for the densely populated regions to the west. The CASF is part of the tectonic boundary of the North Andean block escaping NNE-wards with respect to the stable South American plate.
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