Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/12155
Authors: Carlino, Stefano* 
Piochi, Monica* 
Tramelli, Anna* 
Mormone, Angela* 
Montanaro, Cristian* 
Scheu, Bettina* 
Mayer, Klaus* 
Title: Field-scale permeability and temperature of volcanic crust from borehole data: Campi Flegrei, southern Italy
Issue Date: 2018
Series/Report no.: /357 (2018)
DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2018.05.003
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/12155
Abstract: We report combined measurements of petrophysical and geophysical parameters for a 501-mdeep borehole located on the eastern side of the active Campi Flegrei caldera (Southern Italy), namely (i) in situ permeability by pumping tests, (ii) laboratory-determined permeability of the drill core, and (iii) thermal gradients by distributed fiber optic and thermocouple sensors. The borehole was drilled during the Campi Flegrei Deep Drilling Project (in the framework of the International Continental Scientific Drilling Program) and gives information on the least explored caldera sector down to pre-caldera deposits. The results allow comparative assessment of permeability obtained from both borehole (at depth between 422 a 501 m) and laboratory tests (on a core sampled at the same depth) for permeability values of ~10−13 m2 (borehole test) and ~10−15 m2 (laboratory test) confirm the scale-dependency of permeability at this site. Additional geochemical and petrophysical determinations (porosity, density, chemistry, mineralogy and texture), together with gas flow measurements, corroborate the hypothesis that discrepancies in the permeability values are likely related to in-situ fracturing. The continuous distributed temperature profile points to a thermal gradient of about 200 °C km−1. Our findings (i) indicate that scale-dependency of permeability has to be carefully considered in modelling of the hydrothermal system at Campi Flegrei, and (ii) improve the understanding of caldera dynamics for monitoring and mitigation of this very high volcanic risk area.
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