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Authors: Kopf, A.* 
Camerlenghi, A.* 
Canals, M.* 
Ferdelman, T.* 
Mevel, C.* 
Pälike, H.* 
Roest, W.* 
Ask, M.* 
Barker-Jørgensen, B.* 
Boetius, A.* 
De Santis, A.* 
Früh-Green, G.* 
Title: The Deep Sea and Sub-Seafloor Frontier
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: European Commission
Keywords: Marine Geophysics
Deep Sea
Sea Technology
Research Infrastructure
Subject Classification03. Hydrosphere::03.01. General::03.01.07. Physical and biogeochemical interactions 
Abstract: The deep sea and its sub-seafloor contain a vast reservoir of physical, mineral and biological resources that are rapidly coming into the window of exploitation. Assessing the opportunities and the risks involved requires a serious commitment to excellent deep sea research. There are numerous areas in this field in which Europe has cutting-edge technological potential. These include drilling and monitoring technology in the field of renewable energies such as geothermal, offshore wind and seafloor resources. Scientific ocean drilling will continue to play a valuable role, for example in the exploration of resource opportunities, in obtaining estimates for ecosystem and Earth climate sensitivity, or in improving understanding about the controlling factors governing processes and recurrence intervals of submarine geohazards. In Europe, there is also the scientific expertise needed to define a framework for policymakers for environmental protection measures and to carry out ecological impact assessments before, during and after commercial exploitation. Taking up these societal challenges will strengthen European scientific and educational networks and promote the development of world-class technology and industrial leadership.
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