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Authors: Cannavò, F.* 
Scandura, D.* 
Palano, M.* 
Musumeci, C.* 
Title: A Joint Inversion of Ground Deformation and Focal Mechanisms Data for Magmatic Source Modelling
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2014
Series/Report no.: 8/117(2014)
DOI: 10.1007/s00024-013-0771-x
Keywords: GPS
Mt. Etna volcano
pressure source
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.08. Volcanology::04.08.06. Volcano monitoring 
Abstract: The paucity of geodetic data acquired on active volcanoes can make the understanding of modelling magmatic systems quite difficult. In this study, we propose a novel approach, which allows improving the parameter estimation of analytical models of magmatic sources (e.g., shape, depth, dimensions, volume change, etc.) by means of a joint inversion of surface ground deformation data and P-axes of focal plane solutions. The methodology is first verified against a synthetic dataset of surface deformation and strain within the medium, and then applied to real data from an unrest episode occurred before the May 13 2008 eruption at Mt. Etna (Italy). The main results clearly indicate the joint inversion improves the accuracy of the estimated source parameters by about 70 %. The statistical tests indicate that the source depth is the parameter with the highest increment of accuracy. In addition, a sensitivity analysis confirms that displacements data are more useful to constrain the pressure and the horizontal location of the source than its depth, while the P-axes better constrain the depth estimation.
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