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Authors: Sandri, L.* 
Marzocchi, W.* 
Gasperini, P.* 
Title: Some insights on the occurrence of recent volcanic eruptions of Mount Etna volcano (Sicily, Italy)
Journal: Geophysical Journal International 
Series/Report no.: /163 (2005)
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Issue Date: 2005
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2005.02757.x
Keywords: flank eruptions
Mount Etna volcano
regional tectonic stress
statistical pattern recognition
time predictability
Subject Classification05. General::05.01. Computational geophysics::05.01.04. Statistical analysis 
Abstract: In the first part of this work, we make use of two non-parametric statistical pattern recognition algorithms and a multiple regression analysis to analyse seismic clusters occur ring around Mount Etna, Italy. The aim is to determine if the onset of flank eruptions at Mount Etna is linked to variations in the regional seismicity at a timescale of few weeks. From the analysis, we find that the discrimination between clusters preceding flank eruptions and clusters not related in time to flank activity is mainly linked to the volume output of the previous flank eruption, in some cases together with the time elapsed from its end. Instead, we do not find any difference in the seismicity features characterizing different types of clusters, except for a very small contribution of the number of seismic events in the clusters. This result does not confirm the existence, suggested in the past, of a direct link between the regional state of stress at a timescale of few weeks and the occurrence of flank eruptions on Mount Etna volcano. On the contrary, the result suggests that a prominent role in the flank eruption occur rence is played by the re-charging of the feeding system. In the second part of this study we analyse the relationship between the magma volume erupted in an eruption and the interevent time following it, finding that a ‘time-predictable model’ satisfactorily describes the occurrence of eruptions at Mount Etna in the last decades. The latter analysis is car ried out both on the flank eruption catalogue only, and on the complete catalogue of flank and summit eruptions, with comparable results.
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