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Authors: Pulvirenti, L.* 
Chini, M.* 
Pierdicca, N.* 
Guerriero, L.* 
Ferrazzoli, P.* 
Title: Flood monitoring using multi-temporal COSMO-SkyMed data: Image segmentation and signature interpretation
Issue Date: 8-Jan-2011
Series/Report no.: /115 (2011)
DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2010.12.002
Keywords: SAR
Subject Classification05. General::05.08. Risk::05.08.02. Hydrogeological risk 
Abstract: The COSMO-SkyMed mission offers a unique opportunity to obtain radar data characterized by short revisit time, thus being useful for flood evolution mapping. A procedure to monitor an inundation event using multitemporal COSMO-SkyMed data is presented in this paper. The methodology is based on an automatic image segmentation technique and on the use of a well-established electromagnetic model to correctly explain the radar return from the image segments. It is applied to a series of five COSMO-SkyMed images regarding an event chosen as a test bed, i.e., a flood occurred in Northern Italy in 2009. In order to associate the segments to the classes of flooded or non-flooded areas, some reference multi-temporal backscattering trends have been assumed with the aid of the theoretical model. Using these reference trends as a training set, a classification algorithm has been developed to generate a map of the flood evolution. Although the methodology needs to be further tested on different case studies, our investigation demonstrates the feasibility and the utility of a combined use of an electromagnetic scattering model and an advanced image processing technique for inundation monitoring.
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