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Authors: De Martino, S.* 
Falanga, M.* 
Palo, P.* 
Montalto, P.* 
Patanè, Domenico* 
Title: Statistical analysis of the volcano seismicity during the 2007 crisis
Issue Date: 2011
Series/Report no.: /116 (2011)
DOI: 10.1029/2010JB007503
Keywords: Volcanic tremor
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.08. Volcano seismology 
Abstract: We analyze the volcano seismicity recorded during the pre‐ and co‐eruptive regimes of the 2007 effusive crisis at Stromboli volcano (Italy). Data‐set is composed of the continuous recordings of a three‐component broad‐band seismometer and of a Sacks‐ Evertson strainmeter. Starting from the characterization of the non effusive phase as a stationary state of equilibrium, we investigate the effusive phase as a non‐equilibrium state. A statistical analysis reveals that the explosion occurrence is always driven by a nearly Poissonian process, as for the standard activity, even during the effusive phase, with the only difference in shortening the inter‐times. Explosion‐quake amplitudes are lognormally distributed until the effusive phase, becoming then broader. This indicates that many scales are involved. A slightly different process can be advocated for the swarms of the explosions occurring during the effusive phase. This suggests that the dynamics of the exsolution and/or aggregation of the gas slugs should differ from the nucleation mechanism responsible of the standard Strombolian activity. The pre‐eruptive regime is characterized by a very long deformative signal that appears as a transient oscillating signal with a period of about three days that modulates the explosion amplitudes. In a conceptual vibrating cavities model, it is related to a chocking phenomenon induced by magma injection, which in turn leads to the effusion.
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