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Authors: Nappi, R.* 
Alessio, G.* 
Bellucci Sessa, E.* 
Title: A case study comparing landscape metrics to geologic and seismic data from the Ischia Island (Southern Italy)
Issue Date: 11-May-2010
Series/Report no.: 2/2 (2010)
DOI: 10.1007/s12518-010-0023-z
Keywords: Digital elevation model . Morphostructural lineaments . Tectonic geomorphology. Residual topographic surface
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.04. Geology::04.04.03. Geomorphology 
Abstract: In this paper, a high-resolution digital elevation model (DEM) of the Ischia Island has been created, and a digital terrain analysis has been carried out to identify of morphostructural elements of this landscape. Ischia is an active volcano located in the Western sector of the Gulf of Naples that is characterized by historical and recent volcano-tectonic activity. The local kinematics is unclear, and so identification of tectonic lineaments might elucidate recent tectonic processes. We identify morphostructural features using geomorphic parameters derived from analysis of the high-resolution DEM. Successively, the comparison with known geologic features provides validation of the extracted morphotectonic data.We found that one of the main directions of the morphostructural lineaments extracted is consistent with the regional NE–SW extensional stress field; moreover, the lineaments on the northern flank of Mt. Epomeo are strictly correlated with the mapped faults that have a history of strong and moderate earthquakes. The technique implemented for this study area allowed us to identify new original morphostructural lineaments in a reproducible way that may be useful for investigating various landscapes where field survey is not possible. Indeed, the extracted lineaments represent potential active faults near the northern coast of the Ischia Island, where both seismicity and intense urbanization delineate a high seismic risk.
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