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Authors: Monteiller, V.*
Got, J.-L.*
Patanè, D.* 
Barberi, G.* 
Cocina, O.* 
Title: Double-difference tomography at Mt. Etna volcano
Issue Date: 15-Apr-2007
Keywords: Mt. Etna
double-difference tomography
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.07. Tomography and anisotropy 
Abstract: Double-difference tomography at Mt Etna volcano was realized by using the tomographic algorithm developped by Monteiller et al. (2005), in which the travel-time computation was performed using a finite-difference solution of the Eikonal equation (Podvin and Lecomte, 1991) and a posteriori ray-tracing. The inverse problem was solved using a probabilistic approach (Tarantola and Valette, 1982). The optimal a priori information (correlation length and a priori model variance) was found experimentally by performing tomographies for correlation lengths and variances varying in large intervals. This probabilistic approach allowed us to use a sech pdf for representing errors in differential times. Data were travel-times and time delays provided by a set of 329 earthquakes, well-recorded by the INGV-CT seismic network (50 stations) on the Mt Etna volcano during the seismo-volcanic crisis occurring between October 2002 and January 2003. Checkerboard tests realized with this geometry and earthquake pairs showed that the model can be correctly reconstructed in a significant area around Mt Etna volcano. Results of the P and S-wave double-difference tomography clearly evidenced two concentric features: a fast central cylindrical core, probably of intrusive origin, surrounded by a slow annealed body, which could be related to partial melting.
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