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Authors: Meloni, A.* 
Alfonsi, Lu.* 
Title: Geomagnetism and Aeronomy activities in Italy during IGY, 1957/58
Journal: Annals of Geophysics 
Series/Report no.: 2/52 (2009)
Publisher: INGV
Issue Date: Apr-2009
Keywords: IGY
History of Geophisics
Subject Classification01. Atmosphere::01.02. Ionosphere::01.02.06. Instruments and techniques 
01. Atmosphere::01.03. Magnetosphere::01.03.99. General or miscellaneous 
01. Atmosphere::01.03. Magnetosphere::01.03.06. Instruments and techniques 
04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.99. General or miscellaneous 
05. General::05.03. Educational, History of Science, Public Issues::05.03.99. General or miscellaneous 
Abstract: In 2007 several events were organized to celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of the International Geophysical Year (IGY, 1957-1958). The celebrations will last until 2009 and are taking place within different contexts: the International Polar Year (IPY), the International Heliophysical Year (IHY), the electronic Geophysical Year (eGY) and the International Year of Planet Earth (IYPE). IGY offered a very appropriate and timely occasion to undertake a series of coordinated observations of various geophysical phenomena all over the globe. Italy took part in the broad international effort stimulated by IGY. In fact, Italy participated in observations and studies in many of the proposed scientific areas, in particular Geomagnetism and Aeronomy. The Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica (ING) started the installation of observatories, and updated and ensured continuous recording of geophysical observations. Geomagnetism, ionospheric physics, seismology, and other geophysical disciplines, were advanced. Although much of the work was undertaken in Italy, some attention was also devoted to other areas of the world, in particular Antarctica, where Italy participated in seismological observations. This paper gives a summary of the Geomagnetism and Ionospheric Physics activities within IGY. Furthermore, we highlight the importance of this historical event and its outcomes for the improvement of geophysical observations and the post-IGY growth of scientific investigations in Italy.
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