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Authors: Lokmer, I.* 
Bean, C. J.* 
Saccorotti, G.* 
Patanè, D.* 
Title: Moment-tensor inversion of LP events recorded on Etna in 2004 using constraints obtained from wave simulation tests
Issue Date: 29-Nov-2007
Series/Report no.: / 34 (2007)
DOI: 10.1029/2007GL031902
Keywords: Etna volcano
moment tensor inversion
LP activity
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.08. Volcano seismology 
Abstract: The persistent occurrence of long period (LP) events at Mt Etna became apparent with the installation of the first fixed broad-band seismic network in late 2003. Repeating similar LP events from Nov. ‘03 to Sept. ‘04 indicate a non-destructive source process. We perform moment tensor (MT) inversions on a stacked high S/N ratio representative LP signal, conducting a grid search for the source geometry and L2-inversion for the source time function. Results indicate a NNW-SSE oriented resonating sub-vertical crack as the most probable source. This result is consistent with deformation and GPS observations. Crucial to this result are constraints imposed by detailed 3D full waveform numerical simulations in a heterogeneous tomographic model with topography, and in particular a detailed assessment of the influence of very near surface velocity structure on LP signals. Pulsating gas injection is hypothesised as the most likely LP trigger.
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