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Authors: Tuvè, T.* 
Bianco, F.* 
Ibañez, J. M.* 
Patanè, D.* 
Del Pezzo, E.* 
Bottari, A.* 
Title: Attenuation study in the Straits of Messina area (southern Italy)
Issue Date: 2006
Series/Report no.: 3-4/ 421 (2006)
DOI: 10.1016/j.tecto.2006.04.005
Keywords: Coda waves
Intrinsic attenuation
Scattering attenuation
Straits of Messina
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.09. Waves and wave analysis 
Abstract: The attenuation of seismic waves is one of the basic physical parameters used in seismological studies and earthquake engineering, which is closely related to the seismicity and regional tectonic activity of a particular area. In this work, the seismic attenuation in the Straits of Messina, affected by several and strong historical earthquakes, was studied using waveforms recorded by a local seismic network composed of seven stations. We measured: the coda quality factor (Qc) in the Single Scattering model hypothesis; the direct quality factor (Qd) applying the Coda Normalization method for S-waves; and the intrinsic and scattering quality factor (Qi and Qs) by the Multiple Lapse Time Window Analysis (MLTWA) method. Coda Q values were obtained using different lapse times (40, 60 and 80 s) for the frequency bands centred at 1.5, 3, 6 and 12 Hz. Our findings indicate that Qc increases with increasing lapse time and that Qc is frequency dependent. This behaviour is usually correlated to the degree of tectonic complexity and to the presence of heterogeneities at several scales. In fact, by using the Coda Normalization method we obtained low Qd values, as expected for a heterogeneous and active zone. Finally, by the MLTWA method we observe that the contribution of the scattering attenuation (Qs −1) prevails on the intrinsic absorption (Qi −1) until 3 Hz. Conversely, Qi −1 and Qs −1 seem to be of the same order in the higher frequency bands.
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