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Authors: Di Luccio, F.* 
Pasyanos, M. E.* 
Title: Crustal and upper-mantle structure in the Eastern Mediterranean from the analysis of surface wave dispersion curves
Journal: Geophysical Journal International 
Series/Report no.: /169 (2007)
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
Issue Date: 2007
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2007.03332.x
Keywords: surface waves
Eastern Mediterranean
Moho depth
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.09. Waves and wave analysis 
04. Solid Earth::04.07. Tectonophysics::04.07.07. Tectonics 
Abstract: The dispersive properties of surface waves are used to infer earth structure in the Eastern Mediterranean region. Using group velocity maps for Rayleigh and Love waves from 7-100 s, we invert for the best 1D crust and upper-mantle structure at a regular series of points. Assembling the results produces a 3D lithospheric model, along with corresponding maps of sediment and crustal thickness. A comparison of our results to other studies finds the uncertainties of the Moho estimates to be about 5 km. We find thick sediments beneath most of the Eastern Mediterranean basin, in the Hellenic subduction zone and the Cyprus arc. The Ionian Sea is more characteristic of oceanic crust than the rest of the Eastern Mediterranean region as demonstrated in particular by the crustal thickness. We also find significant crustal thinning in the Aegean Sea portion of the back-arc, particularly towards the south. Notably slower S-wave velocities are found in the upper-mantle, especially in the northern Red Sea and Dead Sea Rift, central Turkey, and along the subduction zone. The low velocities in the upper-mantle that span from North Africa to Crete, in the Libyan Sea, might be an indication of serpentinized mantle from the subducting African lithosphere. We also find evidence of a strong reverse correlation between sediment and crustal thickness which, while previously demonstrated for extensional regions, also seems applicable for this convergence zone.
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