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Authors: Spogli, Luca* 
Ghobadi, Hossein* 
Cicone, Antonio* 
Alfonsi, Lucilla* 
Cesaroni, Claudio* 
Linty, Nicola* 
Romano, Vincenzo* 
Cafaro, Massimo* 
Title: Adaptive Phase Detrending for GNSS Scintillation Detection: A Case Study Over Antarctica
Journal: IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters 
Publisher: IEEE
Issue Date: 2021
DOI: 10.1109/LGRS.2021.3067727
Abstract: We aim at contributing to the reliability of the phase scintillation index on Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) signals at high-latitude. To the scope, we leverage on a recently introduced detrending scheme based on the signal decomposition provided by the fast iterative filtering (FIF) technique. This detrending scheme has been demonstrated to enable a fine-tuning of the cutoff frequency for phase detrending used in the phase scintillation index definition. In a single case study based on Galileo data taken by a GNSS ionospheric scintillation monitor receiver (ISMR) in Concordia Station (Antarctica), we investigate how to step ahead of the cutoff frequency optimization. We show how the FIF-based detrending allows deriving adaptive cutoff frequencies, whose value changes minute-by-minute. They are found to range between 0.4 and 1.2 Hz. This allows better accounting for diffractive effects in phase scintillation index calculation and provides a GNSS-based estimation of the relative velocity between satellite and ionospheric irregularities.
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