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Authors: Ganci, Gaetana* 
Cappello, Annalisa* 
Bilotta, Giuseppe* 
Hérault, Alexis* 
Zago, Vito* 
Del Negro, Ciro* 
Title: Mapping Volcanic Deposits of the 2011–2015 Etna Eruptive Events Using Satellite Remote Sensing
Issue Date: 21-Jun-2018
Series/Report no.: /6 (2018)
DOI: 10.3389/feart.2018.00083
Abstract: Estimates of lava volumes provide important data on the lava flooding history and evolution of a volcano. For mapping volcanic deposits, including lava flows, the advancement of satellite remote sensing techniques offers a great potential. Here we characterize the eruptive events occurred at Mt Etna between January 2011 and December 2015 leading to the emplacement of numerous lava flows and to the formation of a new pyroclastic cone (NSEC) on the eastern flank of the South East Crater. The HOTSAT system is used to analyze remote sensing data acquired by the SEVIRI sensor in order to detect the thermal anomalies from active lava flows and calculate the associated radiative power. The time-series analysis of SEVIRI data provides an estimation of event magnitude and intensity of the effusive material erupted during each event. The cumulative volume estimated from SEVIRI images from 2011 to 2015 adds up to ~106 millions of cubic meters of lava, with a time-averaged rate of ~0.68 m3 s−1. This estimate is independently supported and bounded using a topographic approach, i.e., by subtracting the last topography of Etna updated to 2005 from a 2015 digital elevation model (DEM), produced using tri-stereo Pléiades satellite images acquired on December 18, 2015. The total volume of products erupted from 2005 to 2015, calculated from topography difference by integration of the thickness distribution over the area covered, is about 287 × 106 m3, of which ~55 × 106 m3 is the volume of the NSEC cone. This 10-year volume is below the typical erupted volumes on decadal scale at Mt Etna, interrupting its stable and resilient output trend.
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