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Authors: Franceschi, Marco* 
Penasa, Luca* 
Coccioni, Rodolfo* 
Gattacceca, Jérôme* 
Smit, Jan* 
Cascella, Antonio* 
Mariani, Sandro* 
Montanari, Alessandro* 
Title: Terrestrial Laser Scanner imaging for the cyclostratigraphy and astronomical tuning of the Ypresian–Lutetian pelagic section of Smirra (Umbria–Marche Basin, Italy)
Issue Date: 2015
Series/Report no.: /440 (2015)
DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.08.027
Keywords: Cyclostratigraphy
Astrochronological time scale
Terrestrial laser
Subject Classificationgeologic time scale
Abstract: Terrestrial laser scanner imaging is applied, together with calcimetry and lithofacies logging, for the cyclostratigraphic characterization of the Ypresian–Lutetian pelagites exposed in the Smirra section (Umbria–Marche Basin, Italy). The necessary chronostratigraphic framework is provided by detailed bio- and magnetostratigraphic analyses, which allow locating the Ypresian–Lutetian boundary in this section. Terrestrial laser scanner intensity is compared to carbonate content values obtained through calcimetric analyses carried out on samples taken from the same section, and is found to represent a good proxy for lithology in these pelagic homogenites. Time-series analysis highlights Milankovitch frequencies, particularly evident in the high-resolution terrestrial laser scanner intensity series. The recognition of distinctive low-frequency (> 1 Myr) features in the amplitude oscillations of short eccentricity as well as its ~ 400 kyr modulation (long eccentricity), promote a tuning of the Smirra series using the most recent astronomic solution (La2010 nominal), which provides insights on the ages of the Y–L boundary and of the main biostratigraphic and magnetostratigraphic events in the Umbria–Marche Basin. Results confirm the value of high-resolution (mm-scale) terrestrial laser scanning for scrutinizing pelagite successions in search of low-frequency cycles that may help in the refinement of the astrochronological time scale.
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