Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/8301
AuthorsZanchetta, G.* 
Giraudi, C.* 
Sulpizio, R.* 
Drysdale, R. N.* 
Sadori, L.* 
TitleConstraining the onset of the Holocene “Neoglacial” over the central Italy using tephra layers
Issue DateSep-2012
Series/Report no.2/78(2012)
DOI10.1016/j.yqres.2012.05.010
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/2122/8301
KeywordsTephrostratigraphy
Holocene
Central Italy
Paleoclimate
Subject Classification03. Hydrosphere::03.01. General::03.01.99. General or miscellaneous 
03. Hydrosphere::03.01. General::03.01.06. Paleoceanography and paleoclimatology 
AbstractA study of six tephra layers discovered in different deposits between 1600 and 2700 m a.s.l. in the Apennine chain in central Italy allowed precise stratigraphic constraints on environmental and climatic changes between ca. 4.5 and 3.8 cal ka BP. Chemical analyses allowed the correlation of these tephra layers with the eruptions of Agnano Mt Spina (AMST) from Phlegrean Field and Avellino (AVT) from Somma–Vesuvius. Major environmental changes in the high mountains of the Central Apennines occurred just after the deposition of the AMST and predate the deposition of the AVT. At this time, renewed growth of the Calderone Glacier occurred, marking the onset of the Apennine “Neoglacial”. The presence of the AMST and AVT enabled us to make a precise, physical correlation with other archives in central Italy. Synchronization of records between sites showed that the period intervening the deposition of the AMST and AVT layers coincided with environmental changes that were not always exactly in phase. This highlights the fact that stratigraphic correlations using only radiocarbon chronologies (the most common method used for dating archives during the Holocene) could produce erroneous correlation of events, giving rise to oversimplified paleoclimatic reconstructions.
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