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Authors: Pezzopane, M.*
Fagundes, P. R.
Ciraolo, L.
Correia, E.
Cabrera, M. A.
Ezquer, R. G.
Title: Unusual nighttime impulsive foF2 enhancement below the southern anomaly crest under geomagnetically quiet conditions
Title of journal: Journal of Geophysical Research
Series/Report no.: /116 (2011)
Publisher: AGU
Issue Date: 9-Dec-2011
DOI: 10.1029/2011JA016593
Keywords: equatorial ionosphere
travelling ionospheric disturbance
ionosphere-atmosphere interactions
instrument and techniques
Abstract: An unusual nighttime impulsive electron density enhancement was observed on 6 March 2010 over a wide region of South America, below the southern crest of the equatorial anomaly, under low solar activity and quiet geomagnetic conditions. The phenomenon was observed almost simultaneously by the F2 layer critical frequency ( foF2) recorded at three ionospheric stations which are widely distributed in space, namely Cachoeira Paulista (22.4°S, 44.6°W, magnetic latitude 13.4°S), São José dos Campos (23.2°S, 45.9°W, magnetic latitude 14.1°S), Brazil, and Tucumán (26.9°S, 65.4°W, magnetic latitude 16.8°S), Argentina. Although in a more restricted region over Tucumán, the phenomenon was also observed by the total electron content (TEC) maps computed by usingmeasurements from 12 GPS receivers. The investigated phenomenon is very particular because besides being of brief duration, it is characterized by a pronounced compression of the ionosphere. This compression was clearly visible both by the virtual height of the base of the F region (h′F) recorded at the aforementioned ionospheric stations, and by both the vertical electron density profiles and the slab thickness computed over Tucumán. Consequently, neither an enhanced fountain effect nor plasma diffusion from the plasmasphere can be considered as the single cause of this unusual event. A thorough analysis of isoheight and isofrequency ionosonde plots suggest that traveling ionospheric disturbances (TIDs) caused by gravity wave (GW) propagation could have likely played a significant role in causing the phenomenon.
Appears in Collections:Papers Published / Papers in press
01.02.99. General or miscellaneous
01.02.02. Dynamics
01.02.04. Plasma Physics
01.02.05. Wave propagation
01.02.06. Instruments and techniques
05.07.99. General or miscellaneous
05.07.01. Solar-terrestrial interaction
05.07.02. Space weather

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