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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/3721

Authors: Polacci, M.*
Baker, D. R.*
Bai, L.*
Mancini, L.*
Title: Large vesicles record pathways of degassing at basaltic volcanoes
Title of journal: Bulletin of Volcanology
Issue Date: 20-Dec-2007
DOI: 10.1007/s00445-007-0184-8
Keywords: Stromboli
textures
Abstract: Volcanic degassing is directly linked to magma dynamics and controls the style of eruptive activity. To better understand how gas is transported within basaltic magma we perform a 3D investigation of vesicles preserved in scoria from the 2005 activity at Stromboli volcano (Italy). We find that clasts are characterized by the ubiquitous occurrence of one to a few large vesicles, exhibiting mostly irregular, tortuous, channel-like textures, orders of magnitude greater in volume than all the other vesicles in the sample. We compare observations on natural samples with results from numerical simulations and experimental investigations of vesicle size distributions and demonstrate that this type of vesicle invariably forms in magmas with vesicularities > 0.30 (and possibly > 0.10). We suggest that large vesicles represent pathways used by gas to flow non-explosively to the surface and that they indicate the development of an efficient system that sustains persistent degassing in basaltic systems.
Appears in Collections:05.02.03. Volcanic eruptions
Papers Published / Papers in press

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