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|Authors: ||Bagh, S.*|
De Gori, P.*
Di Bartolomeo, P.*
|Title: ||Background seismicity in the Central Apennines of Italy: The Abruzzo region case study|
|Title of journal: ||Tectonophysics|
|Series/Report no.: ||/444 (2007)|
|Issue Date: ||Oct-2007|
|Keywords: ||background seismicity|
|Abstract: ||We investigate background seismic activity of the Abruzzo region, a 5000 km2
area located within the Central Apennines of Italy, where in the past 600 years
at least 5 large earthquakes (I=XI – X) have occurred.
Between April 2003 and September 2004, a dense temporary seismic network
composed of 30 digital three-component seismic stations recorded 850
earthquakes with 0.9<ML<3.7. We present earthquake locations and focal
mechanisms obtained by standard procedures and an optimized velocity model
computed with a search technique based on genetic algorithms.
The seismicity occurs at a low and constant rate of ~2.6 e-04 events/day*km2
and is sparsely distributed within the first 15 km of the crust. Minor
increases in the seismicity rate are related to the occurrence of small and
localised seismic sequences that occur at the tip of major active normal faults
along secondary structures.
We observe that during the 16 months of study period, the Fucino fault system
responsible for the 1915 Fucino earthquake (MS=7.0), and the major normal
faults of the area, did not produce significant seismic activity.
Fault plane solutions evaluated using P-wave polarity data show the
predominance of normal faulting mechanisms (~55%) with NE-trending direction of
extension coherent with the regional stress field active in this sector of the
Apennines. Around 27% of the focal solutions have pure strike-slip mechanisms
and the rest shows transtensional faulting mechanisms that mainly characterise
the kinematics of the secondary structures activated by the small sequences.
We hypothesize that the largest known NW-trending normal faults are presently
locked and we propose that in the case of activation, the secondary structures
located at their tips may act as transfer faults accommodating a minor part of
the extensional deformation with strike-slip motion.|
|Appears in Collections:||Papers Published / Papers in press|
04.06.01. Earthquake faults: properties and evolution
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