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Authors: Margheriti, L.*
Ferulano, M*
Di Bona, M.*
Title: Seismic anisotropy and its relation with crust structure and stress field in the Reggio Emilia Region (Northern Italy)
Title of journal: Geophys. J. Int.
Series/Report no.: / 167 (2006)
Issue Date: 2006
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2006.03168.x
Keywords: Seismic
Abstract: Shear wave splitting is measured at 14 seismic stations in the Reggio Emilia region above local background seismicity and two sequences of seismic events. The good quality of thewaveforms together with the favourable distribution of earthquake foci allows us to place strong constraints on the geometry and the depth of the anisotropic volume. It is about 60 km2 wide and located between 6 and 11 km depth, inside Mesozoic age carbonate rocks. The splitting results suggest also the presence of a shallower anisotropic layer about 1 km thick and few km wide in the Pliocene–Quaternary alluvium above the Mesozoic layer. The fast polarization directions (N30◦E) are approximately parallel to the maximum horizontal stress (σ 1 is SSW–NNE) in the region and also parallel to the strike of the main structural features in the Reggio Emilia area. The size of the delay times suggests about 4.5 per cent shear wave velocity anisotropy. These parameters agree with an interpretation of seismic anisotropy in terms of the extensivedilatancy anisotropy model which considers the rock volume to be pervaded by fluid-saturated microcracks aligned by the active stress field. We cannot completely rule out the contribution of aligned macroscopic fractures as the cause of the shear wave anisotropy even if the parallel shear wave polarizations we found are diagnostic of transverse isotropy with a horizontal axis of symmetry. This symmetry is commonly explained by parallel stress-aligned microcracks.
Appears in Collections:04.06.07. Tomography and anisotropy
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