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Authors: Carapezza, M. L.*
Barberi, F.*
Barrancos, J.*
Fischer, C.*
Melian, G.*
Perez, N.*
Ranaldi, M.*
Ricci, T.*
Tarchini, L.*
Vogel, A.*
Weber, K.*
Title: Health Hazard from Gas Emissions in the Quaternary Volcanic Province of Latium (Italy)
Editors: Perez, Nemesio; ITER, Tenerife, Spain
Issue Date: 31-May-2010
Keywords: Latium Volcanic Province, gas hazard, CO2 and H2S
Abstract: The Quaternary Volcanic Province of Central Italy is characterized by zones with a huge endogenous degassing where frequent, sometimes lethal, accidents occur to people and animals. The emitted gas has a deep origin (volcanic or mantle) and is mainly composed by CO2 (up to 98%) and H2S (1-4%), which may reach dangerous concentrations both in open air and indoor. Here we present the results of a multiparametric geochemical study carried out in 2007-2009 in the Provinces of Rome and Viterbo (Latium), with the aim of assessing the health hazard of their main gas emission sites (GES). Three types of GES were investigated: 1. natural, open-air thermal pools, 2. within natural reserves, 3. near to inhabited zones. More than 15 GES have been studied, and here we will illustrate some of the cases with the highest hazard. Results are presented for the sites of Vejano and Mola di Oriolo (Viterbo), Caldara di Manziana, Tor Caldara and Solforata di Pomezia (Rome). Cava dei Selci is a well-known inhabited area of the volcanic complex of Colli Albani (Rome). In each site, multi-technique surveys have been carried out to estimate the total gas output and its concentration in air, by measuring: CO2 and H2S viscous and diffuse flux (the latter by accumulation chamber), CO2 and H2S concentration in air (by TDL profiles and punctual Draeger measurements); moreover, the chemical and isotopic composition of the gas was determined in each site. In all these zones, lethal air concentrations may be reached by both H2S and CO2, but more frequently by the first. Recommendations for risk reduction were given to Civil Protection authorities.
Appears in Collections:Conference materials
04.08.07. Instruments and techniques
04.08.01. Gases
04.08.06. Volcano monitoring
04.04.12. Fluid Geochemistry

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