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Authors: Gurioli, L.* 
Harris, A. J. L.* 
Colò, L.* 
Bernard, J.* 
Favalli, M.* 
Ripepe, M.* 
Andronico, D.* 
Title: Classification, landing distribution, and associated flight parameters for a bomb field emplaced during a single major explosion at Stromboli, Italy
Journal: Geology (Geological Society of America) 
Series/Report no.: 5/41 (2013)
Publisher: Geological Society of America
Issue Date: 2013
DOI: 10.1130/G33967.1
Keywords: Stromboli
Major explosion
bomb field
Subject Classification05. General::05.02. Data dissemination::05.02.03. Volcanic eruptions 
Abstract: We propose a novel approach to studying a ballistic bomb deposit. Favorable circumstances, a unique dispersal axis, an operational thermal video camera, and application of an innovative methodology allowed estimates of volume and mass erupted, and defi nition of mass partitioning between bombs of various sizes. This allowed the creation of a multidisciplinary database for a single major explosion at Stromboli volcano (Italy), the type locality of Strombolian eruptions. The dispersion and direction of the deposit were consistent with a major explosion on 21 January 2010. Field data comprised 780 mapped bomb locations and sizes, and were organized into a GIS with a lidar-derived digital elevation model as its base. This allowed us to defi ne the landing distribution and fl ight parameters for erupted bombs. The data defi ned discontinuous deposition to build a cluster-dominated bomb fi eld, with a total deposit volume of ~10 m3, a mass of ~2 × 104 kg, and a grain size dominated by large bombs (1 m in diameter). The parameters defi ned here for a major eruption at Stromboli show that the Strombolian style of volcanism, and its deposits, need to be treated carefully, and a different approach is needed in the future to truly characterize and classify such small (but globally common) explosive eruptions. The recognition that sedimentation from such eruptions will be uneven leads to the important conclusion that isopachs and isopleths cannot be used to estimate eruption volumes for such explosions.
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