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Authors: Spampinato, L.* 
Sciotto, M.* 
Cannata, A.* 
Cannavò, F.* 
La Spina, A.* 
Palano, M.* 
Salerno, G.* 
Privitera, E.* 
Caltabiano, T.* 
Title: Multiparametric study of the February-April 2013 paroxysmal phase of Mt. Etna New South-East crater
Journal: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 
Series/Report no.: 6/16 (2015)
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Issue Date: 21-May-2015
DOI: 10.1002/2015GC005795
Keywords: Mt. Etna
paroxysmal activity
SO2 and HCl fluxes
infrasound and seismic signals
ground deformation
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.08. Volcanology::04.08.06. Volcano monitoring 
Abstract: Between January 2011 and April 2013, Mt. Etna's eruptive activity consisted of episodic intra-crater strombolian explosions and paroxysms from Bocca Nuova, Voragine, and the New South-East (NSEC) summit craters, respectively. Eruptions from NSEC consisted of initial increasing strombolian activity and lava flow output, passing to short-lasting lava fountaining. In this study we present seismic, infrasound, radiometric, plume SO2 and HCl fluxes and geodetic data collected by the INGV monitoring system between May 2012 and April 2013. The multi-parametric approach enabled characterization of NSEC eruptive activity at both daily and monthly time scales and tracking of magma movement within Mt. Etna's plumbing system. While seismic, infrasound and radiometric signals give insight on the energy and features of the 13 paroxysms fed by NSEC, SO2 and halogen fluxes shed light on the likely mechanisms triggering the eruptive phenomena. GPS data provided clear evidence of pressurization of Mt. Etna's plumbing system from May 2012 to middle February 2013 and depressurization during the February-April 2013 eruptive activity. Taking into account geochemical data, we propose that the paroxysms' sequence represented the climax of a waxing-waning phase of degassing that had started as early as December 2012, and eventually ended in April 2013. Integration of the multidisciplinary observations suggests that the February-April 2013 eruptive activity reflects a phase of release of a volatile-rich batch of magma that had been stored in the shallow volcano plumbing system at least four months before, and with the majority of gas released between February and March 2013. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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