Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2122/9794
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dc.contributor.authorallSurono, N.; CVGHMen
dc.contributor.authorallJousset, P.; BRGMen
dc.contributor.authorallPallister, J.; USGSen
dc.contributor.authorallBoichu, M.; University of Cambridgeen
dc.contributor.authorallBuongiorno, M. F.; Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione CNT, Roma, Italiaen
dc.contributor.authorallBudisantoso, A.; BPPTKen
dc.contributor.authorallCosta, F.; Earth Observatory of Singaporeen
dc.contributor.authorallAndreastuti, S.; CVGHMen
dc.contributor.authorallPrata, F.; Norwegian Institute for Air Researchen
dc.contributor.authorallSchneider, D.; USGSen
dc.contributor.authorallClarisse, L.; Université Libre de Bruxelleen
dc.contributor.authorallHumaida, H.; BPPTKen
dc.contributor.authorallSumarti, S.; CVGHMen
dc.contributor.authorallBignami, C.; Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione CNT, Roma, Italiaen
dc.contributor.authorallGriswold, J.; USGSen
dc.contributor.authorallCarn, S.; Norwegian Institute for Air Researchen
dc.contributor.authorallOppenheimer, C.; University of Cambridgeen
dc.contributor.authorallLavigne, F.; Laboratoire de Géographie Physiqueen
dc.date.accessioned2015-06-08T08:21:31Zen
dc.date.available2015-06-08T08:21:31Zen
dc.date.issued2012en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2122/9794en
dc.description.abstractMerapi volcano (Indonesia) is one of the most active and hazardous volcanoes in the world. It is known for frequent small to moderate eruptions, pyroclastic flows produced by lava dome collapse, and the large population settled on and around the flanks of the volcano that is at risk. Its usual behavior for the last decades abruptly changed in late October and early November 2010, when the volcano produced its largest and most explosive eruptions in more than a century, displacing at least a third of a million people, and claiming nearly 400 lives. Despite the challenges involved in forecasting this ‘hundred year eruption’, we show that the magnitude of precursory signals (seismicity, ground deformation, gas emissions) was proportional to the large size and intensity of the eruption. In addition and for the first time, near-real-time satellite radar imagery played an equal role with seismic, geodetic, and gas observations in monitoring eruptive activity during a major volcanic crisis. The Indonesian Center of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation (CVGHM) issued timely forecasts of the magnitude of the eruption phases, saving 10,000–20,000 lives. In addition to reporting on aspects of the crisis management, we report the first synthesis of scientific observations of the eruption. Our monitoring and petrologic data show that the 2010 eruption was fed by rapid ascent of magma from depths ranging from 5 to 30km. Magma reached the surface with variable gas content resulting in alternating explosive and rapid effusive eruptions, and released a total of ~0.44Tg of SO2. The eruptive behavior seems also related to the seismicity along a tectonic fault more than 40km from the volcano, highlighting both the complex stress pattern of the Merapi region of Java and the role of magmatic pressurization in activating regional faults. We suggest a dynamic triggering of the main explosions on 3 and 4 November by the passing seismic waves generated by regional earthquakes on these days.en
dc.language.isoEnglishen
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Volcanology and Geothermal Researchen
dc.relation.ispartofseries/241–242 (2012)en
dc.subjectMerapien
dc.subjectSAR change detectionen
dc.subjecteruption monitoringen
dc.subjectpetrologyen
dc.subjectsatellite monitoringen
dc.subjectvolcano tremorsen
dc.titleThe 2010 explosive eruption of Java's Merapi volcano—A ‘100-year’ eventen
dc.typearticleen
dc.description.statusPublisheden
dc.type.QualityControlPeer-revieweden
dc.description.pagenumber121–135en
dc.subject.INGV04. Solid Earth::04.08. Volcanology::04.08.01. Gasesen
dc.subject.INGV04. Solid Earth::04.08. Volcanology::04.08.03. Magmasen
dc.subject.INGV04. Solid Earth::04.08. Volcanology::04.08.06. Volcano monitoringen
dc.subject.INGV04. Solid Earth::04.08. Volcanology::04.08.07. Instruments and techniquesen
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2012.06.018en
dc.description.obiettivoSpecifico5V. Sorveglianza vulcanica ed emergenzeen
dc.description.journalTypeJCR Journalen
dc.description.fulltextrestricteden
dc.contributor.authorSurono, N.en
dc.contributor.authorJousset, P.en
dc.contributor.authorPallister, J.en
dc.contributor.authorBoichu, M.en
dc.contributor.authorBuongiorno, M. F.en
dc.contributor.authorBudisantoso, A.en
dc.contributor.authorCosta, F.en
dc.contributor.authorAndreastuti, S.en
dc.contributor.authorPrata, F.en
dc.contributor.authorSchneider, D.en
dc.contributor.authorClarisse, L.en
dc.contributor.authorHumaida, H.en
dc.contributor.authorSumarti, S.en
dc.contributor.authorBignami, C.en
dc.contributor.authorGriswold, J.en
dc.contributor.authorCarn, S.en
dc.contributor.authorOppenheimer, C.en
dc.contributor.authorLavigne, F.en
dc.contributor.departmentCVGHMen
dc.contributor.departmentBRGMen
dc.contributor.departmentUSGSen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Cambridgeen
dc.contributor.departmentIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Sezione ONT, Roma, Italiaen
dc.contributor.departmentBPPTKen
dc.contributor.departmentEarth Observatory of Singaporeen
dc.contributor.departmentCVGHMen
dc.contributor.departmentNorwegian Institute for Air Researchen
dc.contributor.departmentUSGSen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversité Libre de Bruxelleen
dc.contributor.departmentBPPTKen
dc.contributor.departmentCVGHMen
dc.contributor.departmentIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Sezione ONT, Roma, Italiaen
dc.contributor.departmentUSGSen
dc.contributor.departmentNorwegian Institute for Air Researchen
dc.contributor.departmentLaboratoire de Géographie Physiqueen
item.openairetypearticle-
item.grantfulltextrestricted-
item.fulltextWith Fulltext-
item.cerifentitytypePublications-
item.languageiso639-1en-
item.openairecristypehttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18cf-
crisitem.classification.parent04. Solid Earth-
crisitem.classification.parent04. Solid Earth-
crisitem.classification.parent04. Solid Earth-
crisitem.classification.parent04. Solid Earth-
crisitem.author.deptCVGHM-
crisitem.author.deptBRGM - Development Planning and Natural Hazards Division, 3 Avenue Claude Guillemin BP 36009, 45060 – Orléans, France-
crisitem.author.deptUSGS-
crisitem.author.deptUniversity of Cambridge-
crisitem.author.deptIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Sezione ONT, Roma, Italia-
crisitem.author.deptBPPTK-
crisitem.author.deptEarth Observatory of Singapore, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 639798, Singapore-
crisitem.author.deptCVGHM-
crisitem.author.deptNorwegian Institute for Air Research-
crisitem.author.deptUSGS Alaska Volcano Observatory, Anchorage, AK-
crisitem.author.deptUniversité Libre de Bruxelles-
crisitem.author.deptBPPTK-
crisitem.author.deptCVGHM-
crisitem.author.deptIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Sezione ONT, Roma, Italia-
crisitem.author.deptUSGS-
crisitem.author.deptJoint Center for Earth Systems Technology, University of Maryland Baltimore County, Baltimore, Maryland, USA-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0002-6095-6974-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0002-8632-9979-
crisitem.author.parentorgIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia-
crisitem.author.parentorgIstituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia-
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