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Authors: Bignami, C.* 
Chini, M.* 
Faria, B.* 
Title: Installation and data analysis of a small network of SAR corner reflectors in Fogo, Cape Verde
Issue Date: 2013
Series/Report no.: 244/ (2013)
Keywords: SAR
Corner Reflectors
Fogo volcano
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.03. Geodesy::04.03.99. General or miscellaneous 
Abstract: Since early ninety’s Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry (InSAR) has been exploited for geophysical applications. InSAR technique is capable to capture information on surface deformation and can be a useful tool for monitoring active seismic and volcanic areas. Despite the capability of SAR sensors to operate in all weather and day/night conditions, SAR signal is affected by different source of noise (e.g. water vapour or instrumental noise) [Hanssen, 2001]. These disturbing sources affect the accuracy of InSAR deformation map, especially for time series analysis, and the quality control of InSAR measurements, either standard differential interferometry and Persistent Scatterers Interferometry (PSI), is not an easy task. A fruitful solution is represented by the adoption of passive Corner Reflectors (CRs). CRs can provide point measurements with high level of confidence with sub-centimeter accuracy [Marinkovic et al, 2007], thanks to their high backscattered signal value, and representing strong persistent scatterers to be used for calibrating and validating SAR (from InSAR and PSI technique) deformation map. Indeed, CRs can maintain their interferometric phase stable during time. Additionally, CRs can also be exploited to calibrate the amplitude SAR signal, and to provide reference points for geocoding purposes. Here we present the design, realization and installation of a small CRs network on the Fogo Volcano island, Cape Verde. This activity has been done in the framework of the European project MIAVITA, MItigate and Assess risk from Volcanic Impact on Terrain and human Activities.
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