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Authors: Campostrini, I.* 
Demartin, F.* 
Castellano, C.* 
Russo, M.* 
Title: Parascandolaite, KMgF3, a new perovskite-type-fluoride from Vesuvius
Issue Date: 2014
Series/Report no.: /41(2014)
DOI: 10.1007/s00269-014-0668-y
Keywords: Parascandolaite
New mineral species
Fumarole sublimate
Potassium magnesium trifluoride
Crystal structure
Potassium magnesium trifluoride
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.04. Geology::04.04.05. Mineralogy and petrology 
Abstract: The new mineral parascandolaite, isotypic to cubic perovskites, space group Pm3m (no. 221) is the natural analog of the synthetic fluoride KMgF3 and is related to neighborite, NaMgF3. It was found as a volcanic sublimate at Vesuvius volcano on 1944 eruption lava scoria, associated with opal, cerussite, mimetite, phoenicochroite and coulsellite. It occurs as transparent colorless to white cubic crystals up to 0.5 mm in length with vitreous luster. The density measured by flotation in a diiodomethane–toluene mixture is 3.11(1) g/cm3; that calculated from the empirical formula and single-crystal X-ray data is 3.123 g/cm3. The mineral is isotropic with n = 1.395(5) (580 nm). The six strongest reflections in the X-ray powder diffraction pattern are: [dobs in Å(I)(h k l)] 2.001(100)(2 0 0), 2.831(83) (1 1 0), 2.311(78)(1 1 1), 1.415(56)(2 2 0), 1.633(35) (2 1 1) and 1.206(22)(3 1 1). The unit-cell parameter is a = 4.0032(9) Å. The structure was refined to a final R(F) = 0.0149 for 35 independent observed reflections [I > 2σ(I)]. The mineral is named after the Italian mineralogist Antonio Parascandola (1902–1977).
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