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Authors: Materni, Valerio* 
Console, Rodolfo* 
Chiappini, Stefano* 
Chiappini, Massimo* 
Adelfio, Giada* 
Title: Development and Testing of Seismic Regional Discriminants
Issue Date: 10-Jun-2009
Keywords: Regional Discriminants
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.06. Surveys, measurements, and monitoring 
Abstract: The routine process of the IMS data at the CTBTO International Data Center (IDC) is aimed at identifying in the seismological bulletins all the seismic events the source of which is certainly natural. This process, named screening out, is carried out on several tens of earthquakes per day. It is important that the methods used for the screening process are as reliable and efficient as possible, so as substantially reducing the number of suspicious events without classifying any explosion as natural events. The principal identification method applied at the CTBTO IDC is based on the difference between the Ms magnitude, computed from the amplitude of the surface Rayleigh waves with period close to 20 s, and the mb magnitude computed from the amplitude of the body waves with period close to 1 s. The applicability of this method is, however, limited by the difficulty of detecting surface waves for events of low mb magnitudes, so as to allow the computation the Ms magnitude for such events, which are very numerous. For CTBT verification, in case of events of small magnitude, the use of stations at regional distances from the epicenter, is crucial. In this context, another category of seismological screening, the so-called regional discriminants, can be applied. This method is based on the amplitudes of the surface waves (Lg) at much higher frequencies (8-12 Hz). Unfortunately, these high-frequency waves are not easily detectable, and the method requires regional calibration curves for each specific site, calibrations that are not available on a global scale.
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