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Authors: Improta, L.* 
Valoroso, L.* 
Piccinini, D.* 
Chiarabba, C.* 
Title: A detailed analysis of wastewater induced seismicity in the Val d’Agri oil field (Italy)
Issue Date: 28-Apr-2015
Series/Report no.: 8/42 (2015)
DOI: 10.1002/2015GL063369
Keywords: Induced seismicity
normal faults
wastewater injection
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.99. General or miscellaneous 
Abstract: The Val d'Agri basin in the Apennines seismic belt hosts the largest oil field in onshore Europe. High-quality recordings from a temporary dense network unravel a swarm of 111 small-magnitude events (ML ≤ 1.8) occurred in June 2006 during the first stage of wastewater injection into a high-rate well. High-precision relative locations define a pre-existing blind fault located 1 km below the well inside fractured and saturated carbonates where wastewater is re-injected. Seismicity begins 3 hours after the initiation of injection. The seismicity rate strictly correlates with injection curves and temporal variations of elastic and anisotropic parameters. Seismicity is induced by rapid communication of pore pressure perturbations along a high permeability fault-zone favorably oriented with respect to the local extensional stress field. Our accurate 3-D locations of 219 events (ML ≤ 2.2) detected by the local operator network after June 2006 concentrate on the pre-existing fault measuring 5.5-km along dip. Over the following 7½ years the seismicity rate correlates with short-term increases in injection pressure.
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