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Authors: Ligi, M.* 
Cocchi, L.* 
Bortoluzzi, G.* 
D'Oriano, F.* 
Muccini, F.* 
Caratori Tontini, F.* 
de Ronde, C.* 
Carmisciano, C.* 
Title: Mapping of seafloor hydrothermally altered rocks using geophysical methods: Marsili and Palinuro seamounts, Southern Tyrrhenian Sea
Journal: Economic Geology 
Series/Report no.: /109(2014)
Publisher: Society of Economic Geologists
Issue Date: Dec-2014
Keywords: magnetic anomaly
gravity anomaly
hydrothermal process
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.04. Geology::04.04.04. Marine geology 
Abstract: Hydrothermal alteration processes involve mineralogical, chemical, and textural changes as a result of hot aqueous #uid-rock interaction under evolving boundary conditions. These changes affect the physico-chemical properties of the rocks, enabling high-resolution geophysical prospecting to be an important tool in the detection of sea#oor hydrothermal alteration. Here we present the results of recent geophysical investigations of the Marsili and Palinuro volcanic complexes, southern Tyrrhenian Sea, during the 2010 TIR10 and 2011 MAVA2011 cruises by the R/V Urania. The new dataset includes a dense grid of multibeam bathymetry; sea#oor re#ectivity, magnetic and gravity lines; and high-resolution single (CHIRP) and multichannel seismic proYles. The surveys were focused on areas known to host intense hydrothermal alteration in order to provide a more detailed description of the Marsili and Palinuro hydrothermal systems. Ground-truthing was based on earlier discoveries of hydrothermal vents and their associated deposits, and on direct observations made by ROV dives. High-resolution morpho-bathymetry, sonar re#ectivity, rock magnetization, and density distribution together enabled us to assess the extent of sea#oor hydrothermal alteration and its relationship to local volcanic and tectonic structures. Hydrothermal alteration associated with the Marsili seamount is largely distributed along primary volcano-tectonic structures at the ridge crest. By contrast, at Palinuro hydrothermal alteration is mostly associated with secondary volcanic structures such as collapsed calderas and volcanism reactivation along ring faults. In particular, evidence for intense hydrothermal activity occurs at Palinuro where volcanotectonic features interact with regional tectonic structures.
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