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Authors: Paoletti, V.* 
Langella, G.* 
Di Napoli, R.* 
Amoresano, A.* 
Meo, S.* 
Pecoraino, G.* 
Aiuppa, A.* 
Title: A tool for evaluating geothermal power exploitability and its application to Ischia, Southern Italy
Issue Date: 2015
Series/Report no.: /139 (2015)
DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.11.009
Keywords: Geothermal power plants Geothermal exergy Ischia volcanic island
Subject Classification03. Hydrosphere::03.04. Chemical and biological::03.04.03. Chemistry of waters 
03. Hydrosphere::03.04. Chemical and biological::03.04.06. Hydrothermal systems 
04. Solid Earth::04.02. Exploration geophysics::04.02.01. Geochemical exploration 
04. Solid Earth::04.02. Exploration geophysics::04.02.03. Heat flow 
04. Solid Earth::04.08. Volcanology::04.08.04. Thermodynamics 
Abstract: The paper proposes a method to evaluate the potential for electric power production at any site of possible geothermal interest. Accounting for geological data of the reservoirs, the method allows the computation of the available electrical power of the investigated site. Electrical energy production from geothermal sources is realized through different techniques, such as single flash and double flash, dry steam, and binary ORC plants. The technique chosen to be the most productive is determined by analyzing a specific range of geofluid properties, mainly temperature and pressure. Moreover, each plant typology has a global efficiency that may be correlated to geofluid enthalpy by empiric relations available in literature. The proposed evaluation method brings together all these correlations, yielding the power availability from a geosource, once its temperature and pressure are known. The method takes as input the geofluid available flow rate, its pressure, temperature and non-condensable gas content. It defines the best plant option from these parameters, calculates its global efficiency and finally returns the actual available power. For sites of geothermic interest, such as the volcanic island of Ischia in Southern Italy, the results of the application of this new method clearly highlight the most suitable zones for power plants installations.
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