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Authors: Etiope, G. 
Title: Mud volcanoes and microseepage: the forgotten geophysical components of atmospheric methane budget
Issue Date: 2005
Series/Report no.: 48 (1)
Keywords: methane
lithosphere degassing
greenhouse gas
Subject Classification01. Atmosphere::01.01. Atmosphere::01.01.02. Climate 
Abstract: Mud volcanoes and microseepage are two important natural sources of atmospheric methane, controlled by neotectonics and seismicity. Petroleum and gas reservoirs are the deep sources, and faults and fractured rocks serve as main pathways of degassing to the atmosphere. Violent gas emissions or eruptions are generally related to seismic activity. The global emission of methane from onshore mud volcanoes has recently been improved thanks to new experimental data sets acquired in Europe and Azerbaijan. The global estimate of microseepage can be now improved on the basis of new flux data and a more precise assessment of the global area in which microseepage may occur. Despite the uncertainty of the various source strengths, the global geological methane flux is clearly comparable to or higher than other sources or sinks considered in the tables of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
Appears in Collections:Annals of Geophysics

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