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Authors: De Gregorio, S.* 
Camarda, M.* 
Cappuzzo, S.* 
Gurrieri, S.* 
Title: An innovative method for continuous measurement of soil CO2 flux
Journal: Chemical geology 
Series/Report no.: /341 (2013)
Publisher: Elsevier Science Limited
Issue Date: Mar-2013
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2013.01.011
Keywords: Soil CO2 flux measurements
Continuous monitoring
Methods of measurement
Polymeric membranes
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.04. Geology::04.04.12. Fluid Geochemistry 
04. Solid Earth::04.08. Volcanology::04.08.01. Gases 
04. Solid Earth::04.08. Volcanology::04.08.06. Volcano monitoring 
04. Solid Earth::04.08. Volcanology::04.08.07. Instruments and techniques 
Abstract: Herein, we present a method for continuous measurement of soil CO2 flux that is completely new and distinct from existing instruments. The foremost difference is that instead of using an infrared gas analyser (IRGA), the new device measures soil CO2 flux by means of a simple pressure sensor, measuring pressure transients inside a closed polymeric tube inserted into the soil. This allows continuous measurements even in soil placed in environments that could potentially damage IRGA. In addition, due to the innovative operating principle, measurements of soil CO2 flux can be effortlessly performed also in strongly harsh weather conditions. Theoretical equations were derived for calculating soil CO2 flux solely using measured transient values. The reliability of the equations was rigorously tested with a variety of experiments. Continuous measurements over four months, acquired in a high-emission area on the Island of Vulcano, compared favourably with the data obtained using an established method.
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