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Authors: Pisani, G.* 
Boselli, A.* 
Coltelli, M.* 
Leto, G.* 
Pica, G.* 
Scollo, S.* 
Spinelli, N.* 
Wang, X.* 
Title: Lidar depolarization measurement of fresh volcanic ash from Mt. Etna, Italy
Issue Date: 8-Aug-2012
Series/Report no.: /62 (2012)
DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.08.015
Keywords: lidar
volcanic ash
Subject Classification01. Atmosphere::01.01. Atmosphere::01.01.08. Instruments and techniques 
Abstract: A small, portable, polarization lidar system with scanning capability was used to perform range resolved measurements of fresh erupted volcanic plume from Mount Etna in Italy. Measurements were carried out on November 15, 2010 during a volcanic plume emission event by placing the lidar very close to volcano summit craters. Depolarization measurements highlighted that aerosol of different shape and optical properties were emitted by the two involved vents, Bocca Nuova and North-East Craters. In the plume emitted from Bocca Nuova Crater the mean value of aerosol linear depolarization ratio resulted near to zero, corresponding to non depolarizing particles or liquid droplets, while values of (16 2)% and (45 3)% were observed in the ash plume emitted from North-East Crater, in the morning and in the afternoon, respectively. The retrieved values of volcanic aerosol depolarization ratio, aerosol backscattering and lidar-ratio allowed distinguishing the changes in the properties of the emitted aerosol. Furthermore, the ash mass concentration at source was estimated, reaching a maximum value of 24,000 6000 mg m 3, with an additional systematic uncertainty of 50% related to the assumption of an effective radius of 10 mm for ash particles
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