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Authors: Musumeci, C.* 
Di Grazia, G.* 
Gresta, S.* 
Title: Minimum 1-D velocity model in Southeastern Sicily (Italy) from local earthquake data: an improvement in location accuracy
Issue Date: 25-Feb-2003
Series/Report no.: /7 (2003)
Keywords: hypocentral location
local earthquakes
Southeastern Sicily
velocity model
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.02. Exploration geophysics::04.02.06. Seismic methods 
Abstract: The monitoring of seismic activity in Southeastern Sicily (Italy) has been recently improved by a digital seismic network. This effort has produced a homogeneous and complete dataset which we used to define a reference 1-D velocity model. We have inverted P- and S-wave arrival times from 51 selected local earthquakes by using several initial velocity and layer thickness models. Then, the range of possible velocity models obtained was tested with earthquake locations to select the best velocity model. Improvements in location accuracy by using the Minimum 1-D velocity model, with respect to the locations obtained by using the routine velocity model, were evidenced from the reduced residuals, the smaller estimated location errors, and the increased tendency of foci to cluster. The distribution of relocated hypocenters confirmed the lack of seismic activity in the central part of the area.
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