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Authors: Baker, D. R.* 
Mancini, L.* 
Polacci, M.* 
Higgins, M. D.* 
Gualda, G. A. R.* 
Hill, R. J.* 
Rivers, M. L.* 
Title: An introduction to the application of X-ray microtomography to the three-dimensional study of igneous rocks
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2012
Series/Report no.: /148(2012)
DOI: 10.1016/j.lithos.2012.06.008
Keywords: X-ray microtomography
Rock textures
Three-dimensional imaging and analysis
Crystal and vesicle size distributions
Lattice-Boltzmann simulation
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.08. Volcanology::04.08.05. Volcanic rocks 
Abstract: Imaging rocks in three-dimensions through X-ray microtomography enables routine visualization of structures in samples, which can be spatially resolved down to the sub-micron scale. Although X-ray tomography has been applied in biomedical research and clinical settings for decades, it has only recently been applied to studies of rocks, and few geoscientists realize its value and potential. This contribution provides an introduction to the principles and techniques of X-ray microtomography to the study of igneous rock textures as well as reviewing the current state of the art. We hope that this short review will encourage more geoscientists to apply X-ray microtomography in their research and that this will lead to new insights into the processes that occur in magmatic (as well as other geological) systems.
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