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Authors: Ciaccio, M. G.* 
Barchi, M. R.* 
Chiarabba, C.* 
Mirabella, F.* 
Stucchi, E.* 
Title: Seismological, geological and geophysical constraints for the Gualdo Tadino fault, Umbria–Marche Apennines (central Italy)
Issue Date: 2005
Series/Report no.: /406 (2005)
DOI: 10.1016/j.tecto.2005.05.027
Keywords: Aftershocks; Seismicity; Blind normal fault; Seismic reflection profile; Focal mechanisms; Umbria–Marche Apennines
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.07. Tectonophysics::04.07.07. Tectonics 
Abstract: The April 3, 1998 Mw=5.1 Gualdo Tadino earthquake (central Italy) was the last significant event in the 6-month-long Umbria–Marche seismic crisis. This event and its aftershocks occurred in an area where active faulting produces no striking geological and geomorphological effects. In this study, we investigated the ruptured fault using detailed seismological data and a re-processed and re-interpreted seismic reflection profile. Aftershock location and focal mechanisms were used to constrain the geometry and kinematics of the ruptured fault and a comparison was made with the subsurface image provided by the seismic profile. We found that the 1998 Gualdo Tadino earthquake occurred on a WSW-dipping, normal fault, with a length of about 8 km and a relatively gentle dip (308–408), confined between 3.5 and 7 km in depth. Kinematics of the mainshock and aftershocks revealed a NE-trending extension, in agreement with the regional stress field active in the Northern Apennines belt. The Mw = 5.1 earthquake originated above the top of the basement and ruptured within the sedimentary cover, which consists of an evaporites–carbonates multilayer. We hypothesised that the active fault does not reach the surface (blind normal fault). D 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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