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Authors: Bestmann, M.* 
Pennacchioni, G.* 
Frank, G.* 
Göken, M.* 
de Wall, H.* 
Title: Pseudotachylyte in muscovite-bearing quartzite: Coseismic friction-induced melting and plastic deformation of quartz
Issue Date: 2011
Series/Report no.: 2/33/(2011)
DOI: 10.1016/j.jsg.2010.10.009
Keywords: Quartz
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.99. General or miscellaneous 
Abstract: Thin (0.5e2 mm thick) pseudotachylyte veins occur within muscovite-bearing (w10% volume), amphibolite-facies quartzites of the Schneeberg Normal Fault Zone (Austroalpine, Southern Tyrol, Italy). Pseudotachylytes are associated with precursor localized plastic microshear zones (50e150 mm thick) developed sub-parallel to the host-rock foliation and with conjugate sets oriented at a high angle to the foliation. Such microshear zones are characterized by recrystallization to ultrafine-grained (1e2 mm grain size) mosaic aggregates of quartz showing a transition from a host-controlled to a random crystallo- graphic preferred orientation towards the shear zone interior. Subsequent coseismic slip mainly exploited these microshear zones. Microstructural analysis provides evidence of extensive friction- induced melting of the muscovite-bearing quartzite, producing a bimodal melt composition. First, the host-rock muscovite was completely melted and subsequently crystallized, mainly as K-feldspar. Then, about 60% volume of the ultrafine-grained quartz underwent melting and crystallized as spherulitic rims (mostly consisting of quartz ` Ti ` Fe) around melt-corroded quartz clasts. The two melts show immiscibility structures in the major injection veins exploiting microshear zones at high angles to the quartzite foliation. In contrast, they were mechanically mixed during flow along the main fault veins.
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