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Authors: Di Giulio, G.* 
Marzorati, S.* 
Bergamaschi, F.* 
Bordoni, P.* 
Cara, F.* 
D'Alema, E.* 
Ladina, C.* 
Massa, M.* 
Azzara, Riccardo Mario* 
Cogliano, Rocco* 
Cultrera, Giovanna* 
Fodarella, Antonio* 
Luzi, Lucia* 
Milana, Giuliano* 
Pucillo, Stefania* 
Riccio, Gaetano* 
Title: Local variability of the ground shaking during the 2009 L’Aquila earthquake (April 6, 2009—Mw 6.3): the case study of Onna and Monticchio villages
Journal: Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering 
Series/Report no.: 9/3(2011)
Publisher: Springer
Issue Date: 10-Feb-2011
DOI: 10.1007/s10518-011-9243-9
Keywords: L’Aquila 2009 earthquake · Site effects · Onna · Seismic microzoning · Ground motion prediction equations
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.06. Seismology::04.06.04. Ground motion 
Abstract: The 2009 Mw 6.3 L’Aquila event caused extensive damage in the city of L’Aquila and in some small towns in its vicinity. The most severe damage was recognized SE of L’Aquila town along the Aterno river valley. Although building vulnerability and near-source effects are strongly responsible for the high level of destruction, site effects have been invoked to explain the damage heterogeneities and the similarities between the 2009 macroseismic field with the intensities of historical earthquakes. The small village of Onna is settled on quaternary alluvium and suffered during the L’Aquila event an extremely heavy damage in the masonry structures with intensity IX–X on the Mercalli-Cancani-Sieberg (MCS) scale. The village of Monticchio, far less than 1.3 km from Onna, is mostly situated on Meso- zoic limestone and suffered a smaller level of damaging (VI MCS). In the present paper, we analyze the aftershock recordings at seismic stations deployed in a small area of the middle-Aterno valley including Onna and Monticchio. The aim is to investigate local ampli-fication effects caused by the near-surface geology. Because the seismological stations are close together, vulnerability and near-source effects are assumed to be constant. The wave- form analysis shows that the ground motion at Onna is systematically characterized by large high-frequency content. The frequency resonance is varying from 2 to 3 Hz and it is related to alluvial sediments with a thickness of about 40 m that overlay a stiffer Pleistocene substrate. The ground motion recordings of Onna are well reproduced by the predictive equation for the Italian territory.
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