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Authors: Carveni, P.* 
Mele, G.* 
Benfatto, S.* 
Imposa, S.* 
Salleo Puntillo, M.* 
Title: Chronicle of the 1865, NE flank eruption of Mt. Etna and geomorphologic survey of the Mts. Sartorius area
Journal: Bulletin of Volcanology 
Series/Report no.: 9/73(2011)
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Issue Date: 30-Jun-2011
DOI: 10.1007/s00445-011-0497-5
Keywords: Mts. Sartorius
1865 lateral eruption
Etna volcano
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.08. Volcanology::04.08.99. General or miscellaneous 
Abstract: The row of pyroclastic cones named Mts. Sartorius, outcropping on the NE flank of Etna, formed in 1865 during a lateral eruption that lasted about 6 months. The event was eye witnessed and described by numerous scientists and reporters. In this work, we use their observations to reconstruct the eruption chronology and scenario, and carry out a detailed geomorphologic survey to identify the eruptive features and pyroclastic deposits. The 1865 eruption began on 29 January along a segment of the main system of fractures oriented ENE–WSW, radial to the central conduit. After 30 January, a secondary system of fractures trending NNW–SSE was simultaneously active. The six larger Mts. Sartorius cones developed since 3 February along the lower extension of the radial system. They are markedly asymmetric due to the persistent winds blowing at the time and to the pre-existing topography formed on underlying deposits, previously unreported, that we have recognized. Now, about 150 years after the eruption, most of the eruptive vents and fractures are no longer observable in the field, being mostly hidden by products of subsequent phases of the eruption and by younger epiclastic deposits.
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