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Authors: D'Alessandro, W.* 
Brusca, L.* 
Kyriakopoulos, K.* 
Martelli, M.* 
Michas, G.* 
Papadakis, G.* 
Salerno, F.* 
Title: Diffuse hydrothermal methane output and evidence of methanotrophic activity within the soils at Sousaki (Greece)
Issue Date: Jan-2011
Series/Report no.: /11 (2011)
DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-8123.2010.00322.x
Keywords: Sousaki
accumulation chamber
soil degassing
hydrothermal systems
methane output
methanotrophic activity
Subject Classification01. Atmosphere::01.01. Atmosphere::01.01.07. Volcanic effects 
04. Solid Earth::04.04. Geology::04.04.12. Fluid Geochemistry 
04. Solid Earth::04.08. Volcanology::04.08.01. Gases 
Abstract: Methane soil flux measurements have been made in 38 sites at the geothermal system of Sousaki (Greece) with the closed chamber method. Fluxes range from –47.6 to 29,150 mg m-2 d-1 and the diffuse CH4 output of the system has been estimated at 19 t a-1. Contemporaneous CO2 flux measurements showed a moderate positive correlation between CO2 and CH4 fluxes. Comparison of the CO2/CH4 soil flux ratios with the CO2/CH4 ratio of the gases of the main gas manifestations provided evidence for methanotrophic activity within the soil. Laboratory CH4 consumption experiments confirmed the presence of methanotrophic microorganisms in soil samples collected at Sousaki. Consumption was generally in the range from –4.9 to –38.9 pmolCH4 h-1 g-1 but could sometimes reach extremely high values (–33,000 pmolCH4 h-1 g-1.). These results are consistent with recent studies on other geothermal systems that revealed the existence of thermoacidophilic bacteria exerting methanotrophic activity in hot, acid soils, thereby reducing methane emissions to the atmosphere.
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