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Authors: Coppini, G.* 
De Dominicis, M.* 
Zodiatis, G.* 
Robin, L.* 
Pinardi, N.* 
Santoleri, R.* 
Colella, S.* 
Bignami, F.* 
Hayes, D. R.* 
Soloviev, D.* 
Georgiou, G.* 
Kallos, G.* 
Title: Hindcast of oil-spill pollution during the Lebanon crisis in the Eastern Mediterranean, July–August 2006
Issue Date: 28-Sep-2010
DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2010.08.021
Keywords: Lebanese oil-pollution event
Oil-spill modeling
Operational oceanography
Remote sensing
Levantine Basin
Subject Classification03. Hydrosphere::03.01. General::03.01.05. Operational oceanography 
Abstract: MOON (Mediterranean Operational Oceanography Network pro- vides near-real-time information on oil-spill detection (ocean color and SAR) and predictions [ocean fore- casts (MFS and CYCOFOS) and oil-spill predictions (MEDSLIK)]. We employ this system to study the Lebanese oil-pollution crisis in summer 2006 and thus to assist regional and local decision makers in Europe, regionally and locally. The MEDSLIK oil-spill predictions obtained using CYCOFOS high-resolution ocean fields are compared with those obtained using lower-resolution MFS hydrodynamics, and both are validated against satellite observations. The predicted beached oil distributions along the Lebanese and Syrian coasts are compared with in situ observations. The oil-spill predictions are able to simulate the northward movement of the oil spill, with the CYCO- FOS predictions being in better agreement with satellite observations. Among the free MEDSLIK param- eters tested in the sensitivity experiments, the drift factor appears to be the most relevant to improve the quality of the results.
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