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Authors: Carapezza, M. L.* 
Barberi, F.* 
Ranaldi, M.* 
Ricci, T.* 
Tarchini, L.* 
Title: Hazardous gas blowouts from shallow wells in the Colli Albani
Issue Date: 2010
ISBN: ISBN 978-0-415-60426-0
Keywords: Colli Albani, blowouts, CO2 and H2S monitoring
Subject Classification03. Hydrosphere::03.04. Chemical and biological::03.04.06. Hydrothermal systems 
04. Solid Earth::04.04. Geology::04.04.12. Fluid Geochemistry 
04. Solid Earth::04.05. Geomagnetism::04.05.08. Instruments and techniques 
Abstract: The Colli Albani volcanic area is affected by huge degassing of likely magmatic or mantle origin, as suggested by the gas He isotopic composition. Gas rising from a buried calcareous aquifer generates several surface emissions and accumulates also in permeable layers at various depths, from 10 to 350 m, beneath impervious formations. When reached by wells, these pressurized gas pockets cause hazardous blowouts of CO2 and H2S, often in inhabited zone. Remedy requires the restoration of the drilled cap by cement injections, whose effectiveness can be conveniently assessed by monitoring both CO2 soil diffuse flux and CO2 and H2S air concentration.
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