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Authors: Palano, M.* 
Rossi, M.* 
Cannavò, F.* 
Bruno, V.* 
Aloisi, M.* 
Pellegrino, D.* 
Pulvirenti, M.* 
Siligato, G.* 
Mattia, M.* 
Title: Etn@ref: a geodetic reference frame for Mt. Etna GPS networks
Journal: Annals of Geophysics 
Series/Report no.: 4/53(2010)
Publisher: Editrice Compositori
Issue Date: 23-Dec-2010
DOI: 10.4401/ag-4879
Keywords: GPS monitoring
Euler pole
GPS velocity
Rigid block
Mt. Etna
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.08. Volcanology::04.08.06. Volcano monitoring 
Abstract: In volcanology, one of the most important instruments for scientific community interested in modelling the physical processes related to magma movements in the shallow crust is geodetic data. Since the end of the 1980s, GPS surveys and Continuous GPS stations (CGPS) have greatly improved the possibility to measure such movements with high time and space resolution. However, physical modelling requires that any external influence on the data, not directly related to the investigated quantity, must be filtered. One major tricky factor in determining a deformation field using GPS displacement vectors and velocities is the correct choice of a stable reference frame. In this work, using more than a decade of GPS measurements, we defined a local reference frame in order to refer the Mt. Etna ground deformation pattern to a rigid block. In particular, we estimated the Euler pole for the rigid block by minimizing, with a weighted least squares inversion, the adjustments to two horizontal components of GPS velocity at 13 “fiducial” sites located within 350 km around Mt. Etna. The inversion inferred an Euler pole located at 38.450° N and -107.702° E and a rotation rate of 0.263 deg/Myr.
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