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Authors: Mollo, S.* 
Misiti, V.* 
Scarlato, P.* 
Title: Trace element behaviour during interaction between basalt and crustal rocks at 0.5-0.8 GPa: an experimental approach
Issue Date: 2010
Series/Report no.: 2/2 (2010)
DOI: 10.2478/v10085-010-0008-5
Keywords: contamination
trace element diffusion
basalt-crust interaction
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.08. Volcanology::04.08.03. Magmas 
Abstract: We experimentally investigate the major and trace elements behavior during the interaction between two partially molten crustal rocks (meta-anorthosite and metapelite) and a basaltic melt at 0.5-0.8 GPa. Results show that a hybrid melt is formed at the basalt-crust contact, where plagioclase crystallizes. This contact layer is enriched in trace elements which are incompatible with plagioclase crystals. Under these conditions, the trace element diffusion coefficients are one order of magnitude larger than those expected. Moreover, the HFSE diffusivity in the hybrid melt is surprisingly higher than the REE one. Such a feature is related to the plagioclase crystallization that changes the trace elements liquid-liquid partitioning (i.e. diffusivity) over a transient equilibrium that will persist as long as the crystal growth proceeds. These experiments suggests that the behaviour of the trace elements is strongly dependent on the crystallization at the magma-crust interface. Diffusive processes like those investigated can be invoked to explain some unusual chemical features of contaminated magmatic suites.
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