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Authors: Settimi, A.* 
Zirizzotti, A.* 
Baskaradas, J. A.* 
Bianchi, C.* 
Title: Design of an induction probe for simultaneous measurements of permittivity and resistivity
Issue Date: 2010
Series/Report no.: Quaderni di Geofisica
Keywords: Instrumentation and techniques of general interest
Mathematical geophysics
Computational geophysics
Exploration geophysics
Subject Classification05. General::05.04. Instrumentation and techniques of general interest::05.04.99. General or miscellaneous 
Abstract: In this paper, we propose a discussion of the theoretical design and move towards the development and engineering of an induction probe for electrical spectroscopy which performs simultaneous and non invasive measurements on the electrical RESistivity ρ and dielectric PERmittivity εr of non-saturated terrestrial ground and concretes (RESPER probe). In order to design a RESPER which measures ρ and εr with inaccuracies below a prefixed limit (10%) in a band of low frequencies (LF) (B=100kHz), the probe should be connected to an appropriate analogical digital converter (ADC), which samples in uniform or in phase and quadrature (IQ) mode, otherwise to a lock-in amplifier. The paper develops only a suitable number of numerical simulations, using Mathcad, which provide the working frequencies, the electrode-electrode distance and the optimization of the height above ground minimizing the inaccuracies of the RESPER, in galvanic or capacitive contact with terrestrial soils or concretes, of low or high resistivity. As findings of simulations, we underline that the performances of a lock-in amplifier are preferable even when compared to an IQ sampling ADC with high resolution, under the same operating conditions. As consequences in the practical applications: if the probe is connected to a data acquisition system (DAS) as an uniform or an IQ sampler, then it could be commercialized for companies of building and road paving, being employable for analyzing “in situ” only concretes; otherwise, if the DAS is a lock-in amplifier, the marketing would be for companies of geophysical prospecting, involved to analyze “in situ” even terrestrial soils.
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