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Authors: Mariucci, M. T.* 
Montone, P.* 
Pierdominici, S.* 
Title: Present-day stress in the surroundings of 2009 L’Aquila seismic sequence (Italy)
Issue Date: 2010
Series/Report no.: 2/182 (2010)
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2010.04679.x
Keywords: Seismicity and tectonics
present-day stress
borehole breakouts
Subject Classification04. Solid Earth::04.07. Tectonophysics::04.07.05. Stress 
Abstract: The axial zone of the Apenninic belt in central Italy is a tectonically active region affected by post-orogenic Quaternary extension. The present-day stress field is characterized by a minimum horizontal stress (Shmin) ∼ NE–SW oriented, derived mainly from earthquake focal mechanisms and secondarily from borehole breakouts and fault data. The paper describes the computation of the Shmin orientation along two deep boreholes located in the vicinity of the area hit by the 2009 April 6, Mw 6.3 L’Aquila earthquake. The analysed wells show breakout zones at a depth range between 1.4 and 4.6 km, giving precious information on a depth interval usually not investigated by any other data. The results show an Shmin N81 ± 22◦ and N74 ± 10◦ oriented for Varoni 1 and Campotosto 1 wells, respectively. The comparison among the breakouts, the 2009 seismic sequence, the past seismicity and the Quaternary faults indicates a small rotation of Shmin orientation from ∼ NE, in the southern, to ∼ ENE in the northern sector of the study area, where the wells are located. These differences are linked both to the natural variations of data and to the orientation of the main tectonic structures varying from NW–SE in the Abruzzi region to ∼ N–S moving toward the Umbro-Marchean Apennines. The identification of constant Shmin orientations with depth derived from all the examined active stress data, confirms the breakouts as reliable stress indicators also for aseismic areas.
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