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Authors: Polemio, M.*
Dragone, V.*
Limoni, P.P.*
Title: Tecnologie avanzate per il monitoraggio e la gestione sostenibile delle risorse idriche sotterranee: il caso Puglia
Other Titles: Advanced monitoring and sustainable managment technologies of groundwater resources: the Apulia case
Issue Date: 2002
Keywords: karstic hydrogeology
Subject Classification03. Hydrosphere::03.02. Hydrology::03.02.04. Measurements and monitoring 
Abstract: The scientific activity carried out in recent years by CNR IRPI (Department of Bari) is finalized to develop methodologies and knowledge to optimize the management and safeguard of Apulian groundwater resources. In Apulia there are four hydrogeological units (Gargano, Tavoliere, Murgia and Salento). They exhibit varying geological, structural and morphological features. Apart from Puglia Tableland (Tavoliere), the remaining hydrogeological units share some common features. They consist of large and coastal aquifers, mainly constituted by carbonate rocks of Mesozoic age. In both the Gargano Promontory (Gargano) and the low Murge Plateau (Murgia) aquifers are under pressure except on a restricted coastline strip. In the Salentine Peninsula (Salento), subsurface water flow under phreatic conditions is prevailing. Finally, Puglia Tableland hydrogeological unit consists of a large porous aquifer; groundwater flows under phreatic conditions in the most internal and upstream portion, whereas it flows under pressure in the remaining part of the unit. The rapid socio-economic growth, which has occurred in the past decades, has continued to stress conditions in the Apulian hydrogeological system in Southern Italy, thereby leading to different hazardous conditions. Groundwater for domestic, irrigation and industrial use has been withdrawn in large quantities over the years. The aquifers are increasingly becoming the ultimate "receptacle" for wastewater. Apulia is affected by two types of human-related pollution: salt contamination which is spreading over large portions of land, that reducing the availability of good quality water and chemico-physical and biological pollution which is mainly confined to urban areas. The described approach and methodologies are: automatic monitoring network, numerical modeling, schematic mapping of groundwater quality with commonly available data, multiparameter well logging for rapid groundwater quality classification, groundwater vulnerability assessment, salinity trend analysis to evaluate the variation of seawater intrusion and the analysis of long time series finalized to quantify the modification of groundwater availability.
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